The text for this lesson is 1 Samuel 16:1–13; 2 Samuel 5:1–10
- Just as David reigned over Israel, so the God-man, Jesus, our David, reigns over the kingdom of grace, of which we are citizens.
- Law: My sinful foolishness blinds me to the wise ways of my heavenly Father.
- Gospel: God truly sees and knows what I need; He does what is good, right, and salutary for me through His Son.
- The Lord promised Israel, “I will walk among you and will be your God, and you shall be My people” (Leviticus 26:12). According to 1 Samuel 8:7–9, how did Israel respond to God’s promise? How does 1 Samuel 8:18 describe the experience of having a king? How do we respond to God’s promises in similar ways as His people of old, wanting our own way instead of His? What can we learn from their experience?
- According to 2 Samuel 5:1–2, what three things about David led the tribes of Israel to acknowledge him as their king?
- David was anointed with oil three times: first, in private by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13); second, publicly over his own tribe, Judah (2 Samuel 2:4); finally, publicly over all Israel (2 Samuel 5:3). According to Psalm 89:19–21, what is the significance of being anointed? Whom does the Lord’s “Anointed” refer to in Psalm 2:2–7?
- After David was anointed, the Holy Spirit rushed upon him (1 Samuel 16:13). How does the New Testament depict Jesus as the “Anointed One”? See Luke 3:21–22; 4:18–21; and John 1:33–34.
- David went from shepherding sheep to shepherding God’s people, yet he always knew who his Shepherd was, as he wrote, “The Lord is my shepherd” (Psalm 23:1). What would the Lord promise to Israel several hundred years later in Ezekiel 34:23–24? How did Jesus fulfill this promise? See Matthew 2:6 and Hebrews 13:20–21.
- “The Lord looks on the heart” (1 Samuel 16:7). In what way is this bad news for us? Good News? Compare Hebrews 4:12–13 with Ezekiel 36:25–27 and Hebrews 10:19–23.
- David’s selection as king reminds us that ultimate choices belong to the Lord, who also chose to establish the messianic line in David’s offspring (2 Samuel 7:1–17). On the basis of 2 Samuel 7:18–29, describe David’s response to the Lord’s choices in his life. What choice does Jesus make in John 15:16? What is our response to this choice?