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The text for this lesson is 1 Samuel 16:1–13; 2 Samuel 5:1–10

Key Point

  • Just as David reigned over Israel, so the God-man, Jesus, our David, reigns over the kingdom of grace, of which we are citizens.
  • Law: My sinful foolishness blinds me to the wise ways of my heavenly Father.
  • Gospel: God truly sees and knows what I need; He does what is good, right, and salutary for me through His Son.

Discussion Points

  1. The Lord promised Israel, “I will walk among you and will be your God, and you shall be My people” (Leviticus 26:12). According to 1 Samuel 8:7–9, how did Israel respond to God’s promise? How does 1 Samuel 8:18 describe the experience of having a king? How do we respond to God’s promises in similar ways as His people of old, wanting our own way instead of His? What can we learn from their experience?
  2. According to 2 Samuel 5:1–2, what three things about David led the tribes of Israel to acknowledge him as their king?
  3. David was anointed with oil three times: first, in private by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13); second, publicly over his own tribe, Judah (2 Samuel 2:4); finally, publicly over all Israel (2 Samuel 5:3). According to Psalm 89:19–21, what is the significance of being anointed? Whom does the Lord’s “Anointed” refer to in Psalm 2:2–7?
  4. After David was anointed, the Holy Spirit rushed upon him (1 Samuel 16:13). How does the New Testament depict Jesus as the “Anointed One”? See Luke 3:21–22; 4:18–21; and John 1:33–34.
  5. David went from shepherding sheep to shepherding God’s people, yet he always knew who his Shepherd was, as he wrote, “The Lord is my shepherd” (Psalm 23:1). What would the Lord promise to Israel several hundred years later in Ezekiel 34:23–24? How did Jesus fulfill this promise? See Matthew 2:6 and Hebrews 13:20–21.
  6. “The Lord looks on the heart” (1 Samuel 16:7). In what way is this bad news for us? Good News? Compare Hebrews 4:12–13 with Ezekiel 36:25–27 and Hebrews 10:19–23.
  7. David’s selection as king reminds us that ultimate choices belong to the Lord, who also chose to establish the messianic line in David’s offspring (2 Samuel 7:1–17). On the basis of 2 Samuel 7:18–29, describe David’s response to the Lord’s choices in his life. What choice does Jesus make in John 15:16? What is our response to this choice?


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