The text for this lesson is Luke 22:1–23
- Jesus is our Passover Lamb, who with His very body and blood grants us forgiveness, life, and salvation.
- Law: I betray my Lord when I sin.
- Gospel: Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. With His very body and blood, He grants me forgiveness, life, and salvation.
- In the Lord’s Supper, we receive the forgiveness of sins. Why is this forgiveness such a treasure?
- What do John 1:29; Isaiah 53:7; Revelation 5:12; and 1 Corinthians 5:7 teach us about Jesus and the Passover?
- Jesus sent His disciples to prepare the Passover feast (Luke 22:8–13). Since it was a festival, they reclined at the table (v. 14). The Passover meal involved both eating and teaching. To this point in the meal, Jesus had followed the basic format of the Passover meal, and nothing too out of the ordinary had occurred. Then, with Jesus’ words in 22:19–20, the disciples heard a teaching that had never before been given. What teaching would have surprised the disciples? What now replaces the Passover meal?
- What words in Luke 22:19–20 suggest that Jesus’ death will be a sacrifice? What similar language is used in Isaiah 53:12; Galatians 1:3–5; and 1 Timothy 2:5–6? What does Matthew 26:28 say specifically about Jesus’ blood? In what way do we participate in Jesus’ sacrificial death?
- Where do we find the theme of Jesus as our Passover Lamb in the liturgy? In light of Revelation 19:9 and Isaiah 25:6–8, why is the Lord’s Supper sometimes called a foretaste of the feast to come?
- When Jesus said, “Do this in remembrance of Me” (v. 19), He was directing His disciples to repeat the Lord’s Supper “until He comes” (1 Corinthians 11:26). This phrase could also be translated “Do this for My remembrance,” in other words, so that Jesus would remember the promises He made at the Last Supper. It may seem silly—or even sacrilegious—to speak of reminding God, but this was common language in the Old Testament. Read Genesis 9:14–16 and Exodus 2:23–25. What things caused God to remember His promises? How would this concept fit with the Lord’s Supper?