The text for this lesson is Matthew 5:1–12
- Because Jesus was poor, hungry, sorrowful, hated, and rejected for our sake, God forgives our sins and blesses us with all good gifts, especially life with Him forever.
- Law: In this world, I suffer and struggle because of my sin.
- Gospel: Jesus offers comfort, mercy, and grace through faith in Him and gives me eternal riches and blessings.
- In light of what you have just heard, in what way can the Beatitudes properly be called “the definition of a saint”?
- The first beatitude is “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:3). Jesus opens His first public sermon with these words, so they must be important. According to Matthew 20:25–28, how does Jesus live out this beatitude?
- The second beatitude is “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted” (Matthew 5:4). For whom does Jesus mour n in Isaiah 53:4? In Revelation 21:4, what promise does Jesus make?
- The third beatitude is “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth” (Matthew 5:5). According to 2 Corinthians 5:17, how do Christians inherit the earth? According to Matthew 25:34, when will the full inheritance occur?
- The fourth beatitude is “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied” (Matthew 5:6). Righteousness is what God has done for us in Christ. He has justified us, that is, declared us righteous. See Romans 4:22–25. When was that hunger and thirst for righteousness fulfilled?
- The fifth beatitude is “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy” (Matthew 5:7). Jesus bore the sins of the world on the cross. The Father showed mercy by raising His Son from the dead. According to Matthew 18:23–27, how does Jesus show mercy to us?
- The sixth beatitude is “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God” (Matthew 5:8). Jesus is truly the only one who loved the Lord with all His heart and mind and strength. According to 1 John 1:5–10, how does Jesus make us pure in heart? According to John 14:9, how can we see God’s face?
- The seventh beatitude is “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God” (Matthew 5:9). Jesus is called the “Prince of Peace” in Isaiah 9:6. In His Baptism, Jesus fulfilled all righteousness and was called “Son of God.” According to Romans 5:1, how does God make peace with us? When are we made sons of God?
- The eighth beatitude is “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:10). Jesus exemplifies suffering for righteousness’ sake. His work is what merited the kingdom of heaven for us. Who identifies Jesus as the “Righteous One” in Matthew 27:15–20? Who should have died instead of Jesus? According to 1 Peter 2:21–25, in what manner did Jesus endure this persecution and why?
- What are blessings to you? How does Jesus turn everything upside down in the ninth beatitude? How did the apostles in Acts 5:40–42 live out this beatitude? How does 1 Peter 4:13 say we should receive suffering?